As I’ve gone through the menopausal transition, I’ve noticed some interesting changes starting to emerge. One example – I’ve seen an increased number of bruises show up on my limbs and I’m not even sure about what I did to cause them.
It turns out I’m not alone. As people age, they often start bruising easily from minor injuries, especially to the forearms, hands, legs and feet. That’s because aging skin loses some of its protective fatty layer and collagen as we age, thus becoming thinner. Furthermore, if you worshipped the sun when you were younger, the thinning of the skin can happen much faster. And if that’s not enough, the aging process weakens tissues that support capillaries end up becoming more fragile and prone to bleeding. It can take only a slight bump that you’re not even aware of to cause a bruise.
As we age and those capillaries become even more fragile, you’ll start seeing dark purple bruises on the hands and ...
For fibrocystic changes, birth control pills are often helpful. Other women are helped by:
Avoiding caffeine and chocolate
Limiting fat and increasing fiber in the diet
Taking vitamin E, vitamin B complex, or evening primrose oil supplements
Call your health care provider if
Call your doctor if:
The skin on your breast appears dimpled or wrinkled (like the peel of an orange)
You find a new breast lump during your monthly self-exam
You have bruising on your breast, but did not experience any injury
You have nipple discharge, especially if it is bloody or pinkish (blood-tinged)
Your nipple is inverted (turned inward) but normally is not inverted
Also call if:
You are a woman, age 20 or older, and want guidance on how to perform a breast self-examination
You are a woman over age 40 and have not had a mammogram in the past year
What to expect at your...
A breast lump is a swelling, protuberance, or lump in the breast.
Normal breast tissue is present in both males and females of all ages. This tissue responds to hormonal changes and, therefore, certain lumps can come and go.
Breast lumps may appear at all ages:
Infants may have breast lumps related to estrogen from the mother. The lump generally goes away on its own as the estrogen clears from the baby's body. It can happen to boys and girls.
Young girls often develop "breast buds" that appear just before the beginning of puberty. These bumps may be tender. They are common around age 9, but may happen as early as age 6.
Teenage boys may develop breast enlargement and lumps because of hormonal changes in mid-puberty. Although this may distress the teen, the lumps or enlargement generally go away on their own over a period of months.
Breast lumps in an adult woman raise concer...
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