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Definition A lump in the abdomen is a soft bulge of tissue or a small, local area of swelling in the belly area. See also: Abdominal mass Alternative Names Abdominal hernia; Hernia - abdominal; Abdominal wall defects; Lump in the abdominal wall; Abdominal wall mass Common Causes Most often, a lump in the abdomen is caused by a hernia. An abdominal hernia occurs when there is an area where the muscles are weak. This allows the internal organs to bulge through the abdominal wall. A hernia may not appear until after you strain, lift something heavy, or have a prolonged period of coughing. There are several types of hernias, based on where they occur: Inguinal hernia appears as a bulge in the groin or scrotum. This type is more common in men than women. Incisional hernia can occur through a scar if you have had abdominal surgery. Umbilical hernia appears as a bulge around the belly button. It occurs when the muscle around the navel doesn't close completely. Other causes of the lump in the abdominal...
I want to look closely at the relationship between our diaphragm and our pelvic floor. The diaphragm is the ceiling of our pelvis and abdomen, while our pelvic floor is just that...the floor of our pelvis and abdomen. Both of these structures are muscular tissue, both can descend down to a bowl shape, and both can draw up to a flattened, tighter position. Our diaphragm descends down to draw in every breath, taking up room in our abdominal and pelvic cavity. When our diaphragm takes up more space, we accommodate by expanding our lower rib cage and chest, and our pelvic floor descends ever so slightly with every breath. These are all components of the natural rhythm of our breathing pattern and pressure displacement.
If our lower rib expansion and chest expansion are not functioning when we take in air, then the increased pressure in the abdominal/pelvic cavity has to find somewhere to go, and often puts increased pressure on our pelvic floor. Let me give some examples. If w...
Alternative Names Abdominal tenderness References Bengiamin RN, Budhram GR, King KE, Wightman JM. Abdominal pain. In: Marx JA, Hockberger Rs, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice . 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2009:chap 21. Postier RG, Squires RA. Acute abdomen. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery . 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:chap 45.
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