A recent publication in JAMA, Arsenic Exposure and Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in US Adults raises the question, does arsenic in the drinking water increase the risk of type 2 diabetes? The authors' answer is a definite "maybe."
The study evaluated arsenic levels in people who had participated in the 2003-2004 version of th National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and who had urine arsenic levels obtained. The NHANES study is ongoing, and is considered to be a representative sample of US adults: more information on NHANES is available at the CDC's website .
Why arsenic? Well, maybe because NHANES collected lots and lots of lab results, and urinary arsenic levels was one of them. So was cadmium, and that generated an earlier publication that cadmium might be suspect: Urinary Cadmium, Impaired Fasting Glucose, and Diabetes in the NHANES III was published in 2003 in Diabetes Care.
That article, BTW, mentioned that "epidemiologic studies h...
Many studies have shown that smoking is bad for your health. Lung cancer, heart disease, poor circulation, and delayed skin healing are only a few of the effects of tobacco. Other studies have looked at the effect of tobacco use on bone healing. Broken bones or fractures that poke through the skin are called open or compound fractures . Resesarchers have studied open fractures of the main lower leg bone (the tibia ). Doctors wanted to know the effect of smoking on healing of open tibia fractures. They also wanted to see if using one kind of operation to repair the break was better than another. Open tibial fractures must be closed and held together until healing has occurred. This means an operation using either pins through the bone or a long pin down the inside of the bone, called a nail . Even with proper care, these fractures often develop problems. The problems include infection, failure to heal, or inability to heal correctly. Smoking can create even more problems for the patient. To...
Normal Values Normal values range from 280 to 303 milliosmoles per kilogram. Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results. What abnormal results mean Higher than normal levels may indicate: Dehydration Diabetes insipidus Ethylene glycol poisoning Hyperglycemia Hypernatremia Methanol poisoning Renal tubular necrosis Stroke or head trauma resulting in deficient ADH secretion Uremia Lower than normal levels may indicate: Excess fluid intake Hyponatremia Overhydration Paraneoplastic syndromes associated with lung cancer Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion
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