A recent publication in JAMA, Arsenic Exposure and Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in US Adults raises the question, does arsenic in the drinking water increase the risk of type 2 diabetes? The authors' answer is a definite "maybe."
The study evaluated arsenic levels in people who had participated in the 2003-2004 version of th National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and who had urine arsenic levels obtained. The NHANES study is ongoing, and is considered to be a representative sample of US adults: more information on NHANES is available at the CDC's website .
Why arsenic? Well, maybe because NHANES collected lots and lots of lab results, and urinary arsenic levels was one of them. So was cadmium, and that generated an earlier publication that cadmium might be suspect: Urinary Cadmium, Impaired Fasting Glucose, and Diabetes in the NHANES III was published in 2003 in Diabetes Care.
That article, BTW, mentioned that "epidemiologic studies h...
Study Shows Drinking Water Increases Weight Loss
According to Health Monitor , a study presented at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society showed that dieters who drank two cups of water before meals lost 5 lbs. more than dieters who did not increase their water intake. If you are a bariatric surgery patient like me, you doubtlessly already know the best practice of "water loading" -- drinking as much water as fast as possible 15-min before your meals.
The concept is simple: Filling your stomach quickly with water creates a feeling of fullness that lasts for 15-25 minutes . In doing so, you eat less at your meal and this results in weight loss (and prevention of weight regain). What's more, you can water load to create this feeling of fullness whenever suddenly hungry before mealtime, thereby curbing your snacking and grazing habits. This, too, will result in weight loss.
Here's a tip: For maximum calorie burn...
Normal Values Normal values range from 280 to 303 milliosmoles per kilogram. Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results. What abnormal results mean Higher than normal levels may indicate: Dehydration Diabetes insipidus Ethylene glycol poisoning Hyperglycemia Hypernatremia Methanol poisoning Renal tubular necrosis Stroke or head trauma resulting in deficient ADH secretion Uremia Lower than normal levels may indicate: Excess fluid intake Hyponatremia Overhydration Paraneoplastic syndromes associated with lung cancer Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion
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