Symptoms High blood levels of glucose can cause several problems, including: Blurry vision Excessive thirst Fatigue Frequent urination Hunger Weight loss However, because type 2 diabetes develops slowly, some people with high blood sugar experience no symptoms at all. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes: Fatigue Increased thirst Increased urination Nausea Vomiting Weight loss in spite of increased appetite Patients with type 1 diabetes usually develop symptoms over a short period of time. The condition is often diagnosed in an emergency setting. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes: Blurred vision Fatigue Increased appetite Increased thirst Increased urination Signs and tests A urine analysis may be used to look for glucose and ketones from the breakdown of fat. However, a urine test alone does not diagnose diabetes. The following blood tests are used to diagnose diabetes: Fasting blood glucose level -- diabetes is diagnosed if higher than 126 mg/dL on two occasions. Levels between 100 and 126 mg/dL are referred to as impaired...
Symptoms Type 2 diabetes usually begins gradually and progresses slowly. Symptoms in adults include: Excessive thirst Increased urination Fatigue Blurred vision Weight loss In women, vaginal yeast infections or fungal infections under the breasts or in the groin Severe gum problems Itching Erectile dysfunction in men Unusual sensations, such as tingling or burning, in the extremities Symptoms in children are often different: Most children are obese or overweight Increased urination is mild or even absent Many children develop a skin problem called acanthosis, characterized by velvety, dark colored patches of skin
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a metabolism disorder passed down through families in which the body cannot break down certain parts of proteins. Urine in persons with this condition can smell like maple syrup.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is caused by a gene defect. Persons with this condition cannot break down the amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. This leads to a buildup of these chemicals in the blood.
In the most severe form, MSUD can damage the brain during times of physical stress (such as infection, fever, or not eating for a long time).
Some types of MSUD are mild or come and go. Even in the mildest form, repeated periods of physical stress can cause mental retardation and high levels of leucine.
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