Physicians have long since used " smell" to make diagnoses - you can smell necrotic, dying tissue; you can smell an infectious, pus filled exudate; you can smell the by-products of certain drugs in your urine; you can smell someone who has been on the Atkin's diet long term (their breath has ketones in it because of the high protein intake). Well....you can also smell certain skin cancers !!
Basal cell carcinomas apparently give off volatile organic compounds that smell different than the smell of healthy, normal skin. Right now there are sophisticated machines that can detect and assess these smells. But the medical horizon seems to promise a hand-held device, down the road, that may be able to detect these odors. That opens the way for cancer diagnoses to be made non-invasively, at least as a first line of defense, from the profiling of odors.
So lactic acid, phenol, hexanoic acid and about 100 other volatile compounds might be catagorized by smel...
Symptoms Type 2 diabetes usually begins gradually and progresses slowly. Symptoms in adults include: Excessive thirst Increased urination Fatigue Blurred vision Weight loss In women, vaginal yeast infections or fungal infections under the breasts or in the groin Severe gum problems Itching Erectile dysfunction in men Unusual sensations, such as tingling or burning, in the extremities Symptoms in children are often different: Most children are obese or overweight Increased urination is mild or even absent Many children develop a skin problem called acanthosis, characterized by velvety, dark colored patches of skin
Testing may be needed to find the cause of urine odor.
How the test is performed
To obtain a clean-catch urine sample, males should wipe clean the head of the penis and females should wipe between the labia with soapy water and rinse well. Sometimes a special clean-catch kit is provided with cleansing solution and sterile wipes.
After urinating a small amount into the toilet bowl to clear the urethra of contaminants, collect a sample of urine in a clean or sterile container. About 1- 2 ounces of urine is needed for a test. Remove the container from the urine stream without stopping the flow. You may finish voiding into the toilet bowl. Take the sample to the lab.
Your infant's genital area will be cleaned and dried, then a collection device is attached to collect the urine. If you are asked to collect the urine, be sure the collection device is attached securely to prevent leakage. After your baby has urinated, the urine (at least 20 cc)...
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