FROM OUR EXPERTS
The problem with pre-diabetes and even diabetes is that very often the person can have it and not know it. Of course if you are overweight - we might suspect it - but frankly, not every person who is overweight gets diabetes. So we need better ways to identify these patients so that we can intervene with strategies that that can minimize progression of the disease. And a big problem remains that a so-called risk factor in one person may not be a risk factor in another person.
A researcher from the University of Missouri has created a tool to identify people that he feels are at the highest risk for having "undetected hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and undiagnosed diabetes ." It's called the "Tool to Assess Likelihood of Fasting Glucose Impairment" (TAG-IT) and it's designed to use factors that people can self-observe, self-report or factors that are easily measured. The 6 factors include:
Definition Pre-diabetes is a health condition that carries no symptoms. Commonly referred to as "impaired glucose tolerance," approximately 54 million people in the United States twenty years and older have this condition. And although their blood glucose levels are higher than they should be, they are not at the level to be classified as diabetes. People develop this condition, and if it goes undiagnosed, it can lead to the more serious type 2 diabetes. Medical research has revealed that people with pre-diabetes may already be suffering some damage to their heart and circulatory system. Who is at Risk? Certain population groups have a higher risk of diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and pre-diabetes. For example, diabetes affects Hispanics, Native Americans, African Americans and Asian Americans. In addition, seniors are also considered high risk for various types of diabetes. Doctors are now more cautious when they suspect a patient may be at risk for diabetes, because o...
Definition Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. See also: Gestational diabetes Metabolic syndrome Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Causes, incidence, and risk factors Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy. Several things happen when food is digested: A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for the body. An organ called the pancreas makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel. People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is because: Their pancreas does not make enough insulin Their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally Both of the above There are three...
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