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Symptoms Type 2 diabetes usually begins gradually and progresses slowly. Symptoms in adults include: Excessive thirst Increased urination Fatigue Blurred vision Weight loss In women, vaginal yeast infections or fungal infections under the breasts or in the groin Severe gum problems Itching Erectile dysfunction in men Unusual sensations, such as tingling or burning, in the extremities Symptoms in children are often different: Most children are obese or overweight Increased urination is mild or even absent Many children develop a skin problem called acanthosis, characterized by velvety, dark colored patches of skin
Urine volume; 24-hour urine collection
The normal range is 800 to 2000 milliliters per day (with a normal fluid intake of about 2 liters per day).
Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.
What abnormal results mean
Disorders that cause reduced urine volume include dehydration, inadequate fluid intake, or renal insufficiency or failure.
Some of the conditions that cause increased urine volume include:
Diabetes insipidus - renal
Diabetes insipidus - central
High fluid intake
Some forms of kidney failure
Use of diuretic medications
Normally neither glucose nor galactose are found in the urine. Therefore, a Clinitest tablet would not turn the urine blue.
What abnormal results mean
If a reducing agent is present, then the Clinitest tablet will turn orange then brown or greenish brown. The color it changes depends on the percentage of reducing agent present. One urinary reducing substance that could be present is glucose (as seen in diabetes). A simple urine dipstick test that is specific for glucose can be performed.
If the dipstick test is positive, then you have a high level of glucose in the blood, and the glucose is spilling over into the urine. Further testing will be done to confirm or rule out diabetes.
If the Clinitest tablet turns colors as described above and the dipstick indicates that no glucose is present, then you have a high level of another reducing substance, such as galactose, in the blood, which is spilli...
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