One of the things that I seemed to have inherited from my mom was a tendency to have bad foot and leg cramps in the middle of the night. For several years, I found myself regularly waking up with my foot and leg muscles clenched, making it impossible to find any comfort. If I was lucky, I would wake up soon enough to feel the beginning of the cramp start in my toes, thus enabling me to work on it before it became a full-fledged rock-solid, muscle-burning cramp that took over the whole extremity. However, in the past few years, my night leg cramps have seemed to come around less often and they’re less severe. So what are these muscle cramps? How can you limit them? And what do you do if you have a leg cramp? “A muscle cramp is a sudden, uncontrolled contraction of a muscle,” wrote Dr. Jonathan Cluett on About.com. “Leg cramps occur when the muscle suddenly and forcefully contra...
Also referred to as peripheral neuropathy or peripheral neuritis, neuropathy occurs when illness, injury, inflammation, medication, or other factors disrupt the ability of nerves outside the spinal cord to relay messages between the brain and muscles, skin, nerves, joints, or internal organs. Neuropathy can affect: Sensory nerves, which control sensation Motor nerves, which control movement Autonomic nerves, which control involuntary or semi- involuntary body functions Any combination of these three main types of nerves Researchers have identified more than 100 types of neuropathy. Symptoms, which may take days, weeks, or months to develop, depend on the type or types of nerves affected and on whether neuropathy affects a single nerve or group of nerves (mononeuropathy) or more than one nerve group (polyneuropathy). Damage to sensory nerves can reduce or intensify sensation. This can prevent patients from realizing they’ve been injured or are experiencing pains warning of...
Noninsulin-dependent diabetes; Diabetes - type 2; Adult-onset diabetes
Often, people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first. They may not have symptoms for many years.
The early symptoms of diabetes may include:
Bladder, kidney, skin, or other infections that are more frequent or heal slowly
The first symptom may also be:
Pain or numbness in the feet or hands
Signs and tests
Your health care provider may suspect that you have diabetes if your blood sugar level is higher than 200 mg/dL. To confirm the diagnosis, one or more of the following tests must be done.
Diabetes blood tests:
Fasting blood glucose level
-- diabetes is diagnosed if it is higher than 126 mg/dL two times
Hemoglobin A1c test
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