FROM OUR EXPERTS
We started our discussion about restless legs syndrome (RLS) in my recent blog, so let’s continue where we left off.
Mild symptoms of RLS occur in 5-15% of the general population, which makes it the second or third most common sleep disorder. Of these cases, only about 2-3% are considered clinically severe enough to require treatment. It appears to occur more commonly in females and can even affect children. Due to the difficult to describe leg sensations that are felt, children may be wrongly diagnosed with “growing pains” or even attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). RLS symptoms occur more commonly as we age. Individuals who experience symptoms at a younger age tend to worsen as they get older, though there cases when the disease resolves spontaneously when the sufferer gets older.
Sleep disturbance is a major complaint in patients and is usually the main reason why they seek medical help. Though the dis...
Noninsulin-dependent diabetes; Diabetes - type 2; Adult-onset diabetes
Often, people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first. They may not have symptoms for many years.
The early symptoms of diabetes may include:
Bladder, kidney, skin, or other infections that are more frequent or heal slowly
The first symptom may also be:
Pain or numbness in the feet or hands
Signs and tests
Your health care provider may suspect that you have diabetes if your blood sugar level is higher than 200 mg/dL. To confirm the diagnosis, one or more of the following tests must be done.
Diabetes blood tests:
Fasting blood glucose level
-- diabetes is diagnosed if it is higher than 126 mg/dL two times
Hemoglobin A1c test
Home Management Monitoring Glucose (Blood Sugar) Levels Both low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) are of concern, especially for patients who take insulin. Blood glucose levels are generally more stable in type 2 diabetes than in type 1, so doctors usually recommend measuring blood levels only once or twice a day. For patients who have become insulin-dependent, more intensive monitoring is necessary. Patients should aim for the following measurements: Pre-meal glucose levels of between 70 - 130 mg/dL Post-meal glucose levels of between less than 180 mg/dL Different goals may be required for specific individuals, including pregnant women, very old and very young people, and those with accompanying serious medical conditions. Finger-Prick Test . A typical blood sugar test includes the following: A drop of blood is obtained by pricking the finger. The blood is then applied to a chemically treated strip. Monitors read and provide results. Home monitors are about 10 - 1...
You should know
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