To test for type 1 diabetes, doctors use the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test. Taken after 8 hours of fasting, this test is used to test for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Until recently, the A1C test was not recommended as a means to diagnose diabetes. But that's changed. For years, physicians and patients have been advised to use the hemoglobin A1C test (also called "HbA1c" or more recently, "A1C") as a tool to monitor diabetes control. As is well-known, the A1C test measures the average blood glucose level …