The ultimate goal of treatment for Type 2 diabetes is to maintain normal glucose levels and establish a healthy lifestyle. The major classes of medication include those that increase insulin production (taken by mouth or via injection), medications which improve the effectiveness of insulin (taken orally), and medications that affect food absorption (taken orally). If the diabetes progresses to the point where the body is no longer creating its own insulin, insulin injections may be required.
The usual ways we have to bring our blood sugar levels down to normal work well. But they may not be the best means for about half of us who have diabetes and pre-diabetes. The usual ways are diet, exercise, and reducing stress. These are the cornerstones of diabetes management, but anyone who has sleep apnea has to do more. A great many…