The ultimate goal of treatment for Type 2 diabetes is to maintain normal glucose levels and establish a healthy lifestyle. The major classes of medication include those that increase insulin production (taken by mouth or via injection), medications which improve the effectiveness of insulin (taken orally), and medications that affect food absorption (taken orally). If the diabetes progresses to the point where the body is no longer creating its own insulin, insulin injections may be required.
An important study suggests that aggressively treating cholesterol levels and blood pressure improves the cardiovascular health of diabetics. As usual, the study, which appears in the Journal of the American Medical Association, is not conclusive. But it's full of implications for people living with Type 2 diabetes. What implications,…