Insulin aspart is a man-made product almost identical to human insulin that is used to treat diabetes mellitus. Like other insulin products, it works by helping sugar (glucose) get into cells. It starts working faster and lasts for a shorter time than regular insulin.
Insulin aspart is usually used in combination with a medium- or long-acting insulin product injected under the skin to control high blood sugar.
Even with diabetes, you can lead an active and healthy life if you eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and take your insulin as directed. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
How To Use
Insulin aspart must be injected. Learn all preparation and usage instructions, including how to inject this medication properly and how to self-manage your diabetes (e.g., monitoring blood glucose, recognizing and treating high/low blood sugar). Your health care professional will teach you how to use this medication. Read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start using this medication and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, consult your doctor, diabetes educator, or pharmacist.
Before using, inspect this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the insulin.
Before injecting each dose, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. It is important to change the location of the injection site daily to avoid developing problem areas under the skin (lipodystrophy). To reduce discomfort at the injection site, do not inject cold insulin. The insulin container you are currently using can be kept at room temperature. Insulin aspart may be injected in the abdominal wall, the thigh, or the back of the upper arm.
Inject this medication under the skin within 5-10 minutes before eating a meal or as directed by your doctor. Because this insulin is fast-acting, not eating immediately after a dose of this insulin may lead to low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). After pulling out the needle, apply gentle pressure on the injection site. Do not rub the area.
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Measure each dose very carefully because even small changes in the amount of insulin may have a large effect on your blood sugar levels.
Check your urine/blood sugar as directed by your doctor. Keep track of your results and share them with your doctor. This is very important in order to determine the correct insulin dose.
Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time(s) each day.
Giving insulin aspart into a vein should only be done in a medical office, clinic, or hospital. Severe low blood sugar may result. Also, it should not be injected into a muscle.
If you are directed to inject this insulin with an infusion pump, read the instruction manual and directions that come with the infusion pump. If you have any questions, consult your doctor, diabetes educator, or pharmacist. Avoid exposing the pump or its tubing to direct sunlight or other heat sources.
This product may be mixed only with certain other insulin products such as NPH insulin. Always draw the insulin aspart into the syringe first, then follow with the longer-acting insulin. Consult your pharmacist about which products may be mixed and the proper method for mixing insulin. Never inject a mixture of different insulins into a vein. Do not mix or dilute insulins if you are using an insulin pump.
Do not change brands or types of insulin without directions on how to do so from your doctor.
Learn how to store and discard needles and medical supplies safely. Consult your pharmacist.