The energy stored in food is measured in terms of calories.
Technically, 1 calorie is the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree centigrade. The calorie measure used commonly to discuss the energy content of food is actually a kilocalorie or 1000 real calories. This is the amount of energy required to raise 1 kilogram of water (about 2.2 pounds) 1 degree centigrade.
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Source: ADAM Encyclopedia
Major Food ComponentsCarbohydratesCompared to fats and protein, carbohydrates have the greatest impact on blood sugar (glucose). Except for dietary... Read more »