Hypothyroidism Pathophysiology

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Definition

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone.

See also:

  • Chronic thyroiditis (Hashimoto's disease)
  • Subacute thyroiditis
  • Silent thyroiditis
  • Neonatal hypothyroidism

Alternative Names

Myxedema; Adult hypothyroidism


Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck just below the voice box (larynx). It releases hormones that control metabolism.

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is inflammation of the...

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