Influenza A; Influenza B
You can take steps to avoid catching or spreading the flu.
Stay in your apartment, dorm room, or home for at least 24 hours after any fever is gone. Wear a mask if you leave your room.
Avoid sharing food, utensils, cups, or bottles. Cover your cough with a tissue and throw away after use. Carry hand sanitizer with you. Use it often during the day and always after touching your face.
Cough into your sleeve if a tissue is not available. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
Children older than 6 months, adolescents, and adults should get a flu shot every year.
The vaccine used in the 2010 - 2011 flu season will also protect against swine (H1N1) flu. The vaccine is available as a flu shot or a nasal spray-type flu vaccine.
For specific recommendations, see
Jefferson T, Jones M, Doshi P, Del Mar C. Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in healthy adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2009 Dec 8;339:b5106.
Seasonal flu: what to do if you get sick . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed October 4, 2010.
Review Date: 04/26/2011
Reviewed By: A.D.A.M. Editorial: David Zieve, MD, MHA, and David R. Eltz. Previously reviewed by David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine (10/5/2010).