Ascites is excess fluid in the space between the tissues lining the abdomen and abdominal organs (the peritoneal cavity).
Alcoholic liver disease Cirrhosis
Portal hypertension - ascites
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
A person with ascites usually has severe
Disorders that may be associated with ascites include:
Cirrhosisand any illness that leads to it
- Clots in the veins of the liver (portal vein thrombosis)
- Colon cancer
Congestive heart failure Constrictive pericarditis Hepatitis
- Infections such as tuberculosis
Liver cancer Nephrotic syndrome
Ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer Pancreatitis
- Pancreatic cancer
- Protein-losing enteropathy
Kidney dialysis may also be associated with ascites.
Review Date: 12/13/2010
Reviewed By: George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.