Friday, April 25, 2014

Table of Contents

Definition

Frozen shoulder is when the shoulder is painful and loses motion because of inflammation.


Alternative Names

Adhesive capsulitis


Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The joint capsule of the shoulder joint has ligaments that hold the shoulder bones to each other. When the capsule becomes inflamed, the shoulder bones are unable to move freely in the joint.

Most of the time there is no cause for frozen shoulder. However, risk factors include:

  • Cervical disk disease of the neck
  • Diabetes
  • Shoulder injury
  • Shoulder surgery
  • Open heart surgery
  • Hyperthyroidism


Review Date: 10/31/2010
Reviewed By: Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org)