Glomerulonephritis is a type of
Glomerulonephritis - chronic; Chronic nephritis; Glomerular disease; Necrotizing glomerulonephritis; Glomerulonephritis - crescentic; Crescentic glomerulonephritis; Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Glomerulonephritis may be caused by specific problems with the body's immune system. Often, the precise cause of glomerulonephritis is unknown.
Damage to the glomeruli causes blood and protein to be lost in the urine.
The condition may develop quickly, with loss of kidney function occurring over weeks and months (called rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis).
In about a quarter of people with chronic glomerulonephritis there is no history of
The following increase your risk of developing this condition:
- History of cancer
- Blood or lymphatic system disorders
- Exposure to hydrocarbon solvents
- Infections such as
strep infections, viruses, heart infections,or abscesses
Many conditions are known to cause or increase the risk for glomerulonephritis, including:
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis Goodpasture syndrome Membranoproliferative GN IgA nephropathy
Lupus nephritisor Henoch-Schonlein purpura Anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody disease
- Blood vessel diseases such as vasculitis or
Review Date: 08/12/2009
Reviewed By: Parul Patel, MD, Private Practice specializing in Nephrology and Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.