Early symptomatic HIV infection is a stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus when symptoms are present but
Acute HIV infection Asymptomatic HIV infection HIV infection
AIDS-related complex - ARC; Chronic symptomatic HIV infection
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Early symptomatic HIV infection has signs and symptoms typical of
At this early stage of HIV infection, the person does not have signs or symptoms of AIDS such as opportunistic infections, certain cancers, or a CD4 count of less than 200.
Risk factors for HIV infection are:
- Being born to an HIV-positive mother
- Receiving a blood transfusion or blood components
- Injection drug use
- Sexual contact with an infected partner in which there is an exchange of semen or vaginal fluids
Review Date: 12/01/2009
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.