Periodontitis is inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth.
Pyorrhea - gum disease; Inflammation of gums - involving bone
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Periodontitis occurs when inflammation or infection of the gums (
Plaque and tartar accumulate at the base of the teeth. Inflammation causes a pocket to develop between the gums and the teeth, which fills with plaque and tartar. Soft tissue swelling traps the plaque in the pocket. Continued inflammation eventually causes destruction of the tissues and bone surrounding the tooth. Because plaque contains bacteria, infection is likely and a
Review Date: 02/22/2010
Reviewed By: Jack D. Rosenberg, DDS, Advanced Dental Care, Palm Beach Gardens, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, M.D., MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.