Endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream.
Endocrine glands include the:
- Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas
When a gland releases a substance, it is called secretion. Hypersecretion is when too many hormones are released. Hyposecretion is when too few hormones are released.
Many different disorders can result when too few hormones or too many hormones are released.
Here is a partial list of disorders that may result when a particular gland does not produce the right amount of hormones.
Addison's disease Adrenogenital syndrome Cushing syndrome Pheochromocytoma
- Excessive loss of minerals from bone
Growth hormone deficiency Acromegaly Diabetes Gigantism Diabetes insipidus
Testes and ovaries:
- Lack of sex development (unclear genitalia)
Congenital hypothyroidism Myxedema Goiter Thyrotoxicosis
Review Date: 05/01/2011
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.