Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding.
Swollen gums; Gingival swelling
Gum swelling is quite common and may involve one or many of the triangular-shaped bits of gum between nearby teeth. These sections are called papillae.
Occasionally, the gums swell significantly, blocking the teeth completely.
- Infection by a virus or fungus
- Poorly fitting dentures
- Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash
- Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital
Review Date: 02/22/2010
Reviewed By: Jack D. Rosenberg, DDS, Advanced Dental Care, Palm Beach Gardens, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, M.D., MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.