Saturday, December 20, 2014

Table of Contents

Definition

Facial swelling is the build-up of fluid in the tissues of the face. Swelling may also affect the neck and upper arms.


Alternative Names

Puffy face; Swelling of the face; Moon face; Facial edema


Considerations

If the facial swelling is mild, it may be hard to detect. To assist the health care provider in diagnosing the cause, it is important to note the following:

  • Pain, and where it hurts
  • How long the swelling has lasted
  • What makes it better or worse
  • If you have other symptoms

Common Causes
  • Allergic reaction (such as allergic rhinitis , hay fever, or a bee sting )
  • Angioedema
  • Blood transfusion reaction
  • Cellulitis
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye)
  • Drug reactions, including those due to aspirin, penicillin, sulfa, glucocorticoids, and others
  • Head, nose, or jaw surgery
  • Injury or trauma to the face (such as a burn)
  • Malnutrition (when severe)
  • Obesity
  • Salivary gland disorders
  • Sinusitis
  • Stye with swelling around the infected eye
  • Tooth abscess


Review Date: 02/06/2011
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org)