Flexible sigmoidoscopy; Sigmoidoscopy - flexible; Proctoscopy; Proctosigmoidoscopy; Rigid sigmoidoscopy
Normal findings show that the lining of the sigmoid colon, rectal mucosa, rectum, and anus appear normal in color, texture, and size.
What abnormal results mean
Abnormal results can indicate:
Anal fissures Anorectal abscess
- Bowel obstruction
Cancer Colorectal polyps
- Diverticulosis (abnormal pouches on the lining of the intestines)
Hemorrhoids Hirschsprung's disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Inflammation or infection (
Review Date: 12/13/2010
Reviewed By: George F Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.