Mineral metabolism disorders are abnormal levels of minerals -- either too much or too little -- in the blood.
Minerals are very important for the human body. They have various roles in metabolism and body functions. They are essential for the proper function of cells, tissues, and organs.
Some minerals, such as
- Circulating blood
- Digesting food and nutrients
- Eliminating waste through urine and feces
- Regulating temperature
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Disorders of mineral metabolism are sometimes passed from parents to their children through genes. Other medical conditions, such as starvation, diarrhea, or alcoholism, can cause mineral metabolism problems.
Minerals that play a large role in the body include:
Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Selenium Sodium
Disorders in which mineral metabolism problems often occur include:
- Disorders of phosphorus metabolism:
Hypophosphatemia Osteomalacia Rickets Rhabdomyolysis Hyperparathyroidism Hypoparathyroidism
- Disorders of potassium metabolism:
- Periodic paralysis with hypokalemia
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis Hyperaldosteronism - primary and secondary Cushing’s disease Proximal renal tubular acidosis Distal renal tubular acidosis Fanconi’s syndrome Addison’s disease Kidney disease
- Disorders of iron metabolism:
- Disorders of
coppermetabolism: Wilson’s disease Menkes syndrome
- Disorders of calcium metabolism:
Nephrocalcinosis Pseudohypoparathyroidism Hypercalcemia Osteoporosis Movement - unpredictable or jerky Kidney stones Milk-alkali syndrome Paget’s disease Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN 1) Osteomalacia Rickets
- Disorders of sodium metabolism:
Dilutional hyponatremia (SIADH)
- Disorders of magnesium metabolism:
- Disorders of selenium metabolism
- Selenium deficiency
- Selenium excess
- Disorders of zinc metabolism
- Zinc deficiency: skin rash, poor wound healing
- Zinc excess: nausea, diarrhea, upper abdominal pain
Review Date: 06/17/2008
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.