Primary HIV infection; HIV seroconversion syndrome; Acute retroviral syndrome; HIV infection - acute
Note: At the time of diagnosis with HIV, many people have not experienced any symptoms.
Acute HIV infection can appear like
Any of the following symptoms can occur:
- Decreased appetite
- Muscle stiffness or aching
- Sore throat
Swollen lymph glands
- Ulcers of the mouth and esophagus
These symptoms can last from a few days to 4 weeks, and then subside.
Signs and tests
HIV RNA test ("viral load") is positive in patients with acute HIV infection.
Lower-than-normal CD4 (white blood cell) count may be a sign of a suppressed immune system. The CD4 count usually improves 1 - 2 months after acute infection.
White blood cell differential may show abnormalities.