Treatment often requires a stay in the hospital and may involve:
- Pain medicines
- Fluids given through a vein (IV)
- Stopping food or fluid by mouth to limit the activity of the pancreas
Occasionally a tube will be inserted through the nose or mouth to remove the contents of the stomach (nasogastric suctioning). This may be done if vomiting or severe pain do not improve, or if a paralyzed bowel (
Treating the condition that caused the problem can prevent repeated attacks.
In some cases, therapy is needed to:
- Drain fluid that has collected in or around the pancreas
- Relieve blockages of the pancreatic duct
In the most severe cases, surgery is needed to remove dead or infected pancreatic tissue.
Avoid smoking, alcoholic drinks, and fatty foods after the attack has improved.
Most cases go away in a week. However, some cases develop into a life-threatening illness.
The death rate is high with:
- Liver, heart, or kidney impairment
- Necrotizing pancreatitis
Pancreatitis can return. The likelihood of it returning depends on the cause, and how successfully it can be treated.
Acute kidney failure
Acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS)
- Buildup of fluid in the abdomen (
Cystsor abscessesin the pancreas
- Low blood pressure
Repeat episodes of acute pancreatitis can lead to
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if:
- You have intense, constant abdominal pain
- You develop other symptoms of acute pancreatitis