• Symptoms
    • Confusion (can progress to stupor or coma)
    • Hand tremor
    • Lightheadedness
    • Muscle twitching
    • Nausea, vomiting
    • Numbness or tingling in the face or extremities
    • Prolonged muscle spasms (tetany)

    Signs and tests

    An arterial blood gas analysis or basic metabolic panel will confirm alkalosis and determine if it is a respiratory alkalosis or a metabolic alkalosis. Other tests may be needed to determine the cause of the alkalosis. These may include:

    • Litmus paper (urine dipstick tests)
    • Urinalysis
    • Urine pH