• Symptoms

    Possible symptoms include:

    • Chest pain
    • Dizziness or light-headedness (especially when standing up or with activity)
    • Fatigue or lack of energy
    • Headaches
    • Problems concentrating
    • Shortness of breath (especially during exercise)

    Some types of anemia may have other symptoms, such as:

    • Constipation
    • Problems thinking
    • Tingling

    Signs and tests

    The doctor will perform a physical examination, and may find:

    • Pale skin
    • Rapid heart rate
    • Heart murmur

    Some types of anemia may cause other findings on a physical exam.

    Blood tests used to diagnose some common types of anemia may include:

    • Blood levels of vitamin B12, folic acid, and other vitamins and minerals
    • Red blood count and hemoglobin level
    • Reticulocyte count
    • Ferritin level
    • Iron level

    Other tests may be done to identify medical problems that can cause anemia.