• Alternative Names

    Vanishing testes - anorchia; Empty scrotum - anorchia; Scrotum - empty (anorchia)

    • Normal outside genitals before puberty
    • Failure to start puberty at the correct time and lack of secondary sex characteristics (penis and pubic hair growth, deepening of the voice, and increase in muscle mass)

    Signs and tests

    Signs include:

    • Empty scrotum
    • Lack of secondary sex characteristics

    Tests include:

    • Anti-Mullerian hormone levels
    • Bone density
    • FSH and LH levels
    • Surgery to look for male reproductive tissue
    • Testosterone levels (low)
    • Ultrasound or MRI
    • X,Y karyotype