• Alternative Names

    Portal hypertension - ascites


    Signs and tests

    A physical examination may reveal a swollen abdomen, or belly.

    Test to evaluate the liver may be done, including:

    • 24-hour urine collection
    • Creatinine and electrolytes
    • Kidney function tests
    • Liver enzyme, bilirubin, coagulation, and serum protein tests
    • Urinalysis

    Paracentesis or abdominal tap may be performed. This procedure involves using a thin needle to pull fluid from the abdomen. The fluid is tested in various ways to determine the cause of ascites.