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Asymptomatic HIV infection

  • Definition

    Asymptomatic HIV infection is a phase of chronic infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during which there are no symptoms of HIV infection.

    Alternative Names

    HIV infection - asymptomatic

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Asymptomatic HIV infection is a period of time, which varies in length from person to person, in which the immune system slowly deteriorates but there are no symptoms.

    The length of this phase varies depending on how quickly the HIV virus is copying itself and the individual's genetic differences that affect the way his or her immune system handles the virus.

    Some people can go 10 years or longer without symptoms, while others may have symptoms and worsening immune function within a few years after the original infection.