Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a
BPD; Chronic lung disease - children; CLD - children
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) occurs in severely ill infants who have received high levels of oxygen for long periods of time or who have been on a breathing machine (
It is more common in infants born early (prematurely), whose lungs were not fully developed at birth.
Risk factors include:
- Prematurity, usually in infants born before 32 weeks of gestation
- Severe respiratory or lung infection
- Other severe illness in the newborn that needs to be treated with oxygen or a ventilator
The risk of severe BPD has decreased in recent years.