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Carcinoid syndrome

  • Prevention

    Treating the tumor reduces the risk of carcinoid syndrome.


    Hande KR. Multiple-organ syndromes: Carcinoid syndrome. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 251.

    Kulke MH. Clinical presentation and management of carcinoid tumors. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2007;21:433-455.

    National Cancer Institute. Gastrointestinal carcinoid treatment PDQ. Updated May 16, 2008.

    National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology. Neuroendocrine tumors. v.2.2010.