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Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy

  • Definition

    Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy involves nerve swelling and irritation (inflammation) that leads to a loss of strength or sensation.

    Alternative Names

    Polyneuropathy - chronic inflammatory; CIDP; Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy leads to a common type of damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord (peripheral neuropathy). Polyneuropathy means several nerves are involved. It usually affects both sides of the body the same amount.

    The cause of chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is an abnormal immune response. The specific triggers vary. In many cases, the cause cannot be identified.

    It may occur with other conditions, such as:

    • Chronic hepatitis
    • Diabetes
    • HIV
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Lymphoma
    • Thyrotoxicosis