Chronic myelogenous leukemia is
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) Leukemia
CML; Chronic granulocytic leukemia; Leukemia - chronic granulocytic (CML)
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
CML most often occurs in middle-aged adults and in children. The disease affects 1 to 2 people per 100,000 and makes up 7 - 20% cases of leukemia.
It is usually associated with a chromosome abnormality called the Philadelphia chromosome.
Radiation increases the risk of developing CML. Exposure may occur from:
- High-dose radiation treatments used in the past to treat thyroid cancer or Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Nuclear disaster
It takes many years to develop leukemia from this cause. However, most people treated for cancer with radiation do not go on to develop leukemia, and most patients with CML have not been exposed to radiation.