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Coal worker's pneumoconiosis

  • Definition

    Coal worker's pneumoconiosis is a lung disease that results from breathing in dust from coal, graphite, or man-made carbon over a long period of time.


    Alternative Names

    Black lung disease; Pneumoconiosis; Anthrosilicosis


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Coal worker's pneumoconiosis occurs in two forms: simple and complicated (also called progressive massive fibrosis, or PMF).

    Your risk of getting coal worker's pneumoconiosis depends on how long you have been around coal dust. Most people with this disease are older than 50. Smoking does not increase your risk of developing this disease, but it may have an additional harmful effect on the lungs.

    If coal worker's pneumoconiosis occurs with rheumatoid arthritis, it is called Caplan syndrome.