Acute pulmonary coccidioidomycosis is a lung infection caused by breathing in
Skin lesion of coccidioidomycosis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Coccidioides infection begins in the lungs after a person breathes in the spores.
Those who are at higher risk of developing more serious Coccidioides infection include:
- People of Native American, African, or Philippine descent
- Those with weakened immune systems due to
AIDS, diabetes, or medications that suppress the immune system
Occasionally the infection may develop into a long-term (chronic) lung disease or can reactivate after a long latent period.
Traveling to an area where these fungi are found is a risk for coccidioidal infection. Areas in the U.S. include southwestern New Mexico, Arizona, California (especially the San Joaquin Valley), and western Texas.