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Cystitis - noninfectious

  • Definition

    Noninfectious cystitis is irritation of the bladder that is not caused by a urinary tract infection.


    Alternative Names

    Abacterial cystitis; Radiation cystitis; Chemical cystitis; Urethral syndrome - acute


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Noninfectious cystitis is most common in women of childbearing years. The exact cause of noninfectious cystitis is often unknown. However, it has been associated with the use of bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary napkins, spermicidal jellies, radiation therapy to the pelvis area, certain types of chemotherapy medications, history of severe or repeated bladder infections, among other irritants.

    Certain foods, such as tomatoes, artificial sweeteners, caffeinated products, chocolate, and alcohol, can cause irritative bladder symptoms.

    See also: Interstitial cystitis