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Cytomegalovirus retinitis

  • Alternative Names

    CMV retinitis


    The goal of treatment is to stabilize or restore vision and prevent blindness. Long-term treatment is often needed. Medications may be given by mouth (orally), through a vein (intravenously), or injected directly into the eye (intraviteously).

    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)

    The disease will sometimes get worse, even with treatment, because antiviral medications stop the spread of the virus but do not destroy it.

    • Blindness
    • Kidney impairment (from drugs used to treat the condition)
    • Low white blood cell count (from drugs used to treat the condition)
    • Retinal detachment

    Calling your health care provider

    If symptoms worsen or do not improve with treatment, or if new symptoms develop, call your health care provider.

    People with AIDS (especially those with a very low CD4 count) who have vision problems should make an appointment for an immediate eye exam and should consider taking preventive treatment for CMV retinitis.