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Ectopic pregnancy

  • Alternative Names

    Tubal pregnancy; Cervical pregnancy; Abdominal pregnancy


    Prevention

    Most forms of ectopic pregnancy that occur outside the fallopian tubes are probably not preventable. However, a tubal pregnancy (the most common type of ectopic pregnancy) may be prevented in some cases by avoiding conditions that might scar the fallopian tubes.

    The following may reduce your risk:

    • Avoiding risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) such as having many sexual partners, having sex without a condom, and getting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Early diagnosis and treatment of STDs
    • Early diagnosis and treatment of salpingitis and PID
    • Stopping smoking

    References

    Houry DE, Salhi BA. Acute complications of pregnancy. In: Marx JA, ed. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2009:chap 176.

    Lobo RA. Ectopic pregnancy: Etiology, pathology, diagnosis, management, fertility prognosis. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2007:chap 17.

    Barnhart KT. Ectopic pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:379-387.