End-stage kidney disease is the complete, or almost complete failure of the kidneys to function. The main function of the kidneys is to remove wastes and excess water from the body.
Renal failure - end stage; Kidney failure - end stage; ESRD
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
End-stage kidney disease (ESRD) occurs when the
ESRD almost always follows chronic kidney disease. A person may have gradual worsening of kidney function for 10 - 20 years or more before progressing to ESRD.
Patients who have reached this stage need dialysis or a
The most common causes of ESRD in the U.S. are