• Symptoms

    Pain is the main symptom for women with endometriosis. This can include:

    • Painful periods
    • Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic cramps that can be felt for a week or two before menstruation
    • Pain in the lower abdomen felt during menstruation (the pain and cramps may be steady and dull or severe)
    • Pain during or following sexual intercourse
    • Pain with bowel movements
    • Pelvic or low back pain that may occur at any time during the menstrual cycle

    Note: Often there are no symptoms. In fact, some women with severe cases of endometriosis have no pain at all, whereas some women with mild endometriosis have severe pain.

    Signs and tests

    Tests that are done to diagnose endometriosis include:

    • Pelvic exam
    • Transvaginal ultrasound
    • Pelvic laparoscopy