Epiglottitis

  • Alternative Names

    Supraglottitis


    Treatment

    The patient will be admitted to the hospital, usually an intensive care unit (ICU).

    Treatment may include methods to help the patient breathe, including:

    • Breathing tube (intubation)
    • Moistened (humidified) oxygen

    Other treatments may include:

    • Antibiotics to treat the infection
    • Anti-inflammatory medicines called corticosteroids to decrease throat swelling
    • Fluids given through a vein (by IV)

    Support Groups


    Expectations (prognosis)

    Epiglottitis can be a life-threatening emergency. However, with proper treatment, the outcome is usually good.


    Complications

    Spasm may cause the airways to close abruptly. In this case, death follows within minutes.

    The airways may become totally blocked, which could result in death.


    Calling your health care provider

    Call the local emergency number (such as 911) if your child has symptoms of epiglottitis, including sudden breathing difficulties, excessive drooling, and irritability.