Facial trauma

  • Alternative Names

    Maxillofacial injury; Midface trauma; Facial injury; LeFort injuries

    • Changes in sensation and feeling over the face
    • Deformed or uneven face or facial bones
    • Difficulty breathing through the nose due to swelling and bleeding
    • Double vision
    • Missing teeth
    • Swelling around the eyes that may cause vision problems

    Signs and tests

    The doctor will perform a physical exam, which may show:

    • Bleeding from the nose, eyes, or mouth, or nasal blockage
    • Breaks in the skin (lacerations)
    • Bruising around the eyes or widening of the distance between the eyes, which may mean injury to the bones between the eye sockets

    The following may suggest bone fractures:

    • Abnormal sensations on the cheek and irregularities that can be felt
    • An upper jaw that moves when the head is still

    A CT scan of the head may be done.