Facial trauma

  • Alternative Names

    Maxillofacial injury; Midface trauma; Facial injury; LeFort injuries


    Treatment

    Patients who cannot function normally or who have significant deformity will need surgery.

    The goal of treatment is to:

    • Control bleeding
    • Create a clear airway
    • Fix broken bone segments with titanium plates and screws
    • Leave the fewest scars possible
    • Rule out other injuries
    • Treat the fracture

    Treatment should be immediate, as long as the person is stable and there are no neck fractures or life-threatening injuries.


    Support Groups


    Expectations (prognosis)

    Patients generally do very well with proper treatment. You will probably look different than you did before your injury. You may need to have more surgery 6 - 12 months later.


    Complications

    General complications include, but are not limited to:

    • Bleeding
    • Uneven face (asymmetry)
    • Infection
    • Brain and nervous system (neurologic) complications
    • Numbness or weakness

    Calling your health care provider

    Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if you have a severe injury to your face.