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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

  • Definition

    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is progressive muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue.

    See also: Muscular dystrophy


    Alternative Names

    Landouzy-Dejerine muscular dystrophy


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy affects the upper body, unlike Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Becker muscular dystrophy, which affect the lower body.

    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder. It appears in both men and women and may develop in a child if either parent carries the gene for the disorder.

    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy affects approximately 5 out of 100,000 people. It affects men and women equally.