Encyclopedia Home / F / Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency

Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency

  • Alternative Names

    Type I hyperlipoproteinemia; Familial chylomicronemia


    Treatment

    Treatment aims to control the symptoms and blood triglyceride levels with a very low-fat diet. You should eat no more than 20 grams of fat per day to prevent the symptoms from coming back.

    Twenty grams of fat is equal to one of the following:

    • 2 8-ounce glasses of whole milk
    • 4 teaspoons of margarine
    • 4-ounce serving of meat

    The average American diet has a fat content of up to 45% of total calories. Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K and mineral supplements are recommended for people who eat a very low-fat diet. Dietary counseling may be helpful for patients who are trying to stick to a strict diet and still get enough calories and nutrients.

    Pancreatitis that is related to lipoprotein lipase deficiency responds to treatments for that disorder.


    Support Groups


    Expectations (prognosis)

    Persons with this condition who follow a very low-fat diet may live into adulthood.


    Complications

    Pancreatitis and recurrent episodes of abdominal pain may develop.

    Xanthomas are not usually painful unless they are rubbed a lot.


    Calling your health care provider

    Call your health care provider for screening if someone in your family has lipoprotein lipase deficiency. Genetic counseling is recommended for anyone with a family history of this disease.