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Fanconi's anemia

  • Definition

    Fanconi's anemia is a disease passed down through families (inherited) that mainly affects the bone marrow. It results in decreased production of all types of blood cells.

    Fanconi's anemia is different from Fanconi syndrome, a rare kidney disorder.

    Alternative Names

    Anemia - Fanconi's

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Fanconi's anemia is due to an abnormal gene that damages cells, which keeps them from repairing damaged DNA.

    To inherit Fanconi's anemia, a person must get one copy of the abnormal gene from each parent.

    The condition is usually diagnosed in children between 2 and 15 years old.