Impaction of the bowels
Treating a fecal impaction involves removing the impacted stool. After that, measures are taken to prevent future fecal impactions.
Often a warm mineral oil enema is used to soften and lubricate the stool. However, enemas alone are usually not enough to remove a large, hardened impaction.
The mass may have to be broken up by hand. This is called manual removal:
- A health care provider will need to insert one or two fingers into the rectum and slowly break up the mass into smaller pieces so that it can come out.
- This process must be done in small steps to avoid causing injury to the rectum.
- Suppositories inserted into the rectum may be given between attempts to help clear the stool.
Surgery is rarely needed to treat a fecal impaction. An overly widened colon (megacolon) or complete blockage of the bowel may require emergency removal of the impaction.
Almost anyone who has had a fecal impaction will need a
bowel retraining program. Your doctor and a specially trained nurse or therapist will:
- Take a detailed history of your diet, bowel patterns, laxative use, medications, and medical problems
- Examine you carefully
- Recommend changes in your diet, how to use laxatives and stool softeners, special exercises, lifestyle changes, and other special techniques to retrain your bowel
- Follow you closely to make sure the program works for you
With treatment, the outcome is good.
- Tear (ulceration) of the rectal tissue
- Tissue death (
necrosis) or rectal tissue injury
Calling your health care provider
Tell your health care provider if you are experiencing chronic diarrhea or
fecal incontinenceafter a long period of constipation. Also notify your health care provider if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:
- Abdominal pain and
Blood in the stool
- Sudden constipation with
abdominal cramps, and an inability to pass gas or stool. In this case, do not take any laxatives. Call your health care provider immediately.
- Very thin, pencil-like stools