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Gastritis - acute

  • Definition

    Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the stomach lining.

    Alternative Names

    Acute gastritis

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Acute gastritis may be caused by:

    • Certain medications, such as aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or corticosteroids
    • Alcohol
    • Eating or drinking corrosive substances
    • Extreme stress
    • Infections, such as the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, or much less often, cytomegalovirus or herpes simplex virus

    Acute gastritis is often associated with a severe, acute illness or trauma. The following increase your risk of acute gastritis:

    • Aspirin or NSAID use
    • Recent heavy alcohol use
    • Major surgery
    • Kidney failure
    • Liver failure
    • Respiratory failure