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Gastrointestinal perforation

  • Definition

    Gastrointestinal perforation is a hole that develops through the entire wall of the stomach, small intestine, large bowel, or gallbladder. This condition is a medical emergency.


    Alternative Names

    Intestinal perforation; Perforation of the intestines


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Gastrointestinal perforation can be caused by a variety of illnesses, including appendicitis, diverticulitis, ulcer disease, gallstones or gallbladder infection, and less commonly, inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

    It may also be caused by abdominal surgery.